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Remains of 7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Budapest


In 2016, in the so-called Spanyolrét, in the area of the XI district on the border with Budaörs, a previously unknown Neolithic site was discovered during the construction of a residential building. In the following years, smaller excavations were carried out during the excavation of the foundations of two other dwellings in this settlement, which is about 7,000 years old.


Remains of 7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Budapest
Credit: Dávid Kraus



In September of this year, the sewerage and waterworks started at Madárhegy. During the demolition works, archaeologists found more than 50 archaeological objects buried in the ground in narrow (60-100 cm wide) utility trenches.


Remains of 7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Budapest
Credit: Dávid Kraus

The objects were mostly ceramic fragments and animal bones left by those of the Stone Age. Based on the fine ceramic pieces with incised and painted decoration, the majority of the finds can be assigned to the so-called Zseliz group of the Danubian Bandkeramic Culture. 


Remains of 7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Budapest
Credit: Dávid Kraus



However, there were also pieces with earlier clay head decoration. Only some small round postholes indicate the possible location of the half-timbered houses known from this period, highlighted archaeologist Dávid Kraus in his report.


Remains of 7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Budapest
Credit: Dávid Kraus

One reason for the Stone Age settlement could have been the good water supply in this area by streams. During the excavations, a stream bed, which has been filled in in the meantime, was also discovered northeast of today’s Spanyolrét.


Remains of 7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Budapest
Credit: Dávid Kraus

In this part of the district, it is necessary to continue to work hard in the coming years to protect the archaeological heritage, because it is threatened daily by construction, the archaeologist said.


Author: Júlia Tar | Source: Hungary Today [November 18, 2021]



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