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Archaeologists unearth ancient beer factory in Abydos


American and Egyptian archaeologists have unearthed what could be the oldest known beer factory at one of the most prominent archaeological sites of ancient Egypt, a top antiquities official said Saturday.


Archaeologists unearth ancient beer factory in Abydos
An American-Egyptian archaeological mission excavating in the northern part of Abydos
 archaeological site in Sohag have uncovered evidence for what may be the world’s
 oldest industrial- scale beer production [Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities]

Mostafa Waziri, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, said the factory was found in Abydos, an ancient burial ground located in the desert west of the Nile River, over 450 kilometers (280 miles) south of Cairo.




He said the factory apparently dates back to the region of King Narmer, who is widely known for his unification of ancient Egypt at the beginning of the First Dynastic Period (3150 B.C.- 2613 B.C.).


Archaeologists found eight huge units — each is 20 meters (about 65 feet) long and 2.5 meters (about 8 feet) wide. Each unit includes some 40 pottery basins in two rows, which had been used to heat up a mixture of grains and water to produce beer, Waziri said.


Archaeologists unearth ancient beer factory in Abydos
Pottery basins used to heat up a mixture of grains and water to produce beer discovered at the
 archaeological site in Sohag [Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities]

The joint mission is co-chaired by Dr. Matthew Adams of the Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, and Deborah Vischak, assistant professor of ancient Egyptian art history and archaeology at Princeton University.




Adams said the factory was apparently built in this area to provide royal rituals with beer, given that archaeologists found evidences showing the use of beer in sacrificial rites of ancient Egyptians.


British archaeologists were the first to mention the existence of that factory early 1900s, but they couldn’t determine its location, the antiquities ministry said.


Archaeologists unearth ancient beer factory in Abydos
Detail of pottery basin used to heat up a mixture of grains and water to produce beer
[Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities]

With its vast cemeteries and temples from the earliest times of ancient Egypt, Abydos was known for monuments honoring Osiris, ancient Egypt’s god of underworld and the deity responsible for judging souls in the afterlife.




The necropolis had been used in every period of early Egyptian history, from the prehistoric age to Roman times.


Egypt has announced dozens of ancient discoveries in the past couple of years, in the hope of attracting more tourists.


Archaeologists unearth ancient beer factory in Abydos
The basins were part of what could be the oldest known beer factory unearthed in Abydos, an ancient
 burial ground dating back to the region of King Narmer, the last king of the Predynastic Period
(6000 - 3150 BC), according to Mostafa Waziri, secretary general of the Supreme
Council of Antiquities [Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities]

The tourism industry has been reeling from the political turmoil following the 2011 popular uprising that toppled longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak. The sector was also dealt a further blow last year by the coronavirus pandemic.


Author: Samy Magdy | Source: Associated Press [February 13, 2021]



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