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Rare gold-plated Buddhist statue found in Japanese temple


Priests at ancient Enryakuji temple on Mount Hieizan overlooking Kyoto are playing the role of detective in trying to solve a mystery that turned up in their collection of Buddhist deities.


Rare gold-plated Buddhist statue found in Japanese temple
The 10-centimeter gold-plated Fudo Myoo statue found within another
wooden statue at Enryakuji temple [Credit: Nobuhiro Shirai]

It concerns a rare gold-plated statue depicting Fudo Myoo, one of the five kings of wisdom. Where it was found added to the puzzle.




The 9.5-centimeter-tall statue was concealed inside a wooden statute of Goho Doji, a deity in the form of a child that is said to obey high priests in protecting Buddhist teachings.


Rare gold-plated Buddhist statue found in Japanese temple
The Fudo Myoo statue in the foreground was found inside
 the Goho Doji statue standing in the back
[Credit: Nobuhiro Shirai]

The 76.5-cm-high Goho Doji statue is thought to have been created during the latter part of the Kamakura Period (1185-1333).


At Enryakuji, the deity is also considered the patron saint of ascetics who take part in a ritual called Kaiho Gyo that involves traveling around the forests of Mount Hieizan over a considerable number of days. The most physically demanding journey lasts for 1,000 days.


Rare gold-plated Buddhist statue found in Japanese temple
The gold-plated Fudo Myoo statue was found in the back of the head portion
of the Goho Doji statue [Credit: Enryakuji temple]

Enryakuji is the head temple of the Tendai sect of Buddhism in Otsu, Shiga Prefecture, and a World Heritage site.




The gold-plated statue came to light in 2018 when the Goho Doji statue was being repaired. The Fudo Myoo statue was found within the back of the head of the Goho Doji along with a small urn for cremated remains made of crystal. Fifty or so sheets of traditional “washi” paper as well as wooden tablets were also found inside the abdominal area of the Goho Doji statue.


Rare gold-plated Buddhist statue found in Japanese temple
"Washi" paper and wooden tablets were found within the abdomen area
of the Goho Doji statue [Credit: Enryakuji temple]

In Buddhism, the Fudo Myoo is considered a reincarnation of the Dainichi Nyorai Buddha. The Fudo Myoo is often depicted with an angry look with flames leaping up in the background.


The tiny statue is entirely gold-plated, including the flames. An analysis of the copper used in the statue dates it to between the latter half of the 13th century and the first half of the 14th century. It was likely placed within the Goho Doji statue when it was completed.


Rare gold-plated Buddhist statue found in Japanese temple
"Washi" paper found in the Goho Doji statue contains 200 depictions of the
Fudo Myoo deity pressed into the paper [Credit: Enryakuji temple]

“This is the only example of a gold-plated Fudo Myoo in existence,” said a temple official. “It was likely created to demonstrate the strength of religious belief.”


Author: Jiro Tsutui | Source: The Asahi Shimbun [October 17, 2020]



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