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Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia


During the last two years, archaeologists from the Brno Institute of Archaeological Conservation (UAPP Brno) have uncovered dozens of archaeological sites near the I/50 road in Holubice, a village in the Vyskov district of South Moravia. The most interesting was a burial site from the Late Neolithic period, containing 23 graves.

Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Credit: UAPP Brno
In the twenty burials examined, excavators found typical pottery in the form of visibly decorated cups and bowls, as well as small metal objects and arm guards: “An essential part of archery equipment,” said archaeologist Blanka Mikulková.



In addition to the burial grounds, the team of archaeologists also excavated two extraordinarily large clay pits from the Late Bronze Age.

Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Credit: UAPP Brno
UAPP Brno usually investigates sites that are already being excavated due to construction. Just this month, the organisation have published their findings on three such excavations, including the Holubice one.



In Hustopeče, Břeclav district, the UAPP Brno team located over 100 buildings from the Early Bronze Age, including a small burial ground consisting of 14 graves. The graves, from the Únětice archaeological culture period at the start of the Central European Bronze Age (roughly 2300–1800 BC), were poorly preserved and, according to archaeologist Richard Bíško, in some cases had probably been robbed.

Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Credit: UAPP Brno
The grave of a woman was also discovered in this area, but according to the findings, said Bíško, it likely dates from the 19th century. The woman was probably murdered.



In the city of Znojmo, a small excavation was carried out in the courtyard of a house on Přemyslovců Street. Beneath the courtyard's historic paving stones, just below the surface, a medieval formation was uncovered where a simple children’s grave from between 950 and 1200 was found, with the skeleton of a 7-8 year old child.

Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Credit: UAPP Brno
In addition to a few fragments of ceramic vessels, a collection of nine bronze earrings was discovered near the skull in the grave pit. The burial is probably related to a medieval cemetery uncovered in 2009 on nearby Václavské Náměstí.



In June, UAPP Brno published their discoveries from Malešovice in Brno-Venkov district, where they examined more than 15 archaeological deposits scattered sparsely around an area that was being excavated for construction, allowing the archaeologists to inspect the grounds. According to Ivan Čižmář, most of the objects are from the Unetic Bronze Age (ca. 2000–1800 BC).

Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Prehistoric burials discovered in South Moravia
Credit: UAPP Brno
A grave from the Unetic culture was also discovered, only identified thanks to a ‘robbery shaft’ which exposed a dark clay. Inside the grave, were the remains of a disarticulated skeleton suggesting that the grave had been robbed after the soft tissues decomposed. According to a preliminary anthropological analysis, the remains were those of an adult man. A green coloured stain around the skull suggested that the man had likely worn a crown.

Source: BRNO Daily [August 13, 2020]

TANN

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