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7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland


A 7,000-years-old settlement has been discovered in Nowe Objezierze village in the Zachodniopomorskie province near a monumental earthworks enclosure that served the Neolithic people as a place of worship.

7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Aerial view of the archaeological site at Nowe Objezierze [Credit: WRODRON]
The settlement is located approximately 250 metres south-east of the remnants of the earthworks enclosure also known as “roundel” that can be found at a field in Nowe Objezierze. The researchers used a drone to take photos of plants indicating places where the natural levelling of the soil had been disrupted.

7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Aerial view of the archaeological site at Nowe Objezierze [Credit: WRODRON]



According to Agnieszka Matuszewska of the University of Szczecin, remnants of human presence from various ages could be seen on the territory of the settlement. “For us, unsurprisingly, the most important thing is that we managed to discover at least one house whose age is the same as that of the roundel. We do not rule out other digs that we have just begun exploring would present us with relics of other households. Currently, this cannot be said with thorough certainty because we have just begun the exploration of the settlement and not all structures have been dated,” the researcher said.

7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
View of exposed house foundations at the site
[Credit: A. Krzyszowski]
Remnants of a house with a trapezoidal foundation ditch have been discovered in the settlement. Researchers said that this kind of construction gained popularity in northern Poland only around 200 years later. Moreover, a burial place was found in one of the digs.

7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Graves found at the site [Credit: A. Krzyszowski]



“The grave originates probably from the time when the roundel was in use. Besides that, we have also found pieces of clay pots, items made of flint and stone, including stone axes and grinding plates,” Ms Matuszewska said, adding that the outlines of infrastructure were disrupted by objects from the Lusatian culture (first half of the first century BC).

7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Subsequent stages of documentation of the Przeworsk culture lime kiln
from the period of Roman influence [Credit: A. Krzyszowski]
The discovery of the settlement could bring the researchers closer to the understanding of the social context in which the roundel functioned, which is also the key goal of the project. “In other words, we want to learn where and how the builders and the users of the roundel lived,” Professor Lech Czerniak of the University of Gdansk said.

7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Bronze pin in situ [Credit: A. Krzyszowski]
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Bronze pin and awl spike after cleaning [Credit: A. Krzyszowski]
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Fragments of a ceramic vase in situ [Credit: A. Krzyszowski]



The researchers point out that the discoveries in Nowe Objezierze could be called “a breakthrough”. “Until now we have not known stroke-ornamented ware culture settlements from the territory of West Pomerania. Moreover, we know only a handful of houses and half-dugouts in northern Poland,” the archaeologist said, adding that the fact that the research on the roundel-settlement complex provided an insight into everyday life and ceremonies.

7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Fragments of two stone axes of the Funnelbeaker culture
[Credit: A. Krzyszowski]
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Fragments of ceramic vessels of the Funnelbeaker culture
[Credit: A. Krzyszowski]
7,000-year-old settlement discovered in Poland
Fragments of pottery discovered at the bottom of a well of the Przeworsk culture
 from the period of Roman influence [Credit: A. Krzyszowski]
With a 110-metre-long diameter, the roundel was constructed before 4,800 BC. It consisted of four concentric ditches with a central area that used to be surrounded by three palisades. Three gates led into the inside area According to the researchers, the roundel was used for 200 to 250 years. The roundel was discovered in 2017.

Source: PAP - Science in Poland [August 24, 2020]

TANN

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