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New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum


More than 220 new terracotta warriors with five different official titles, including senior military ranks, have been unearthed during the third excavation at the Mausoleum of the Emperor Qinshihuang.

New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
Credit: Emperor Qin Shi Emperor's Mausoleum


A new military rank, dubbed "lower than the lowest," was found by archaeologists at the site, according to a report of Shaanxi TV station based in Xi'an, capital of Northwest China's Shaanxi Province.

New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
Credit: Emperor Qin Shi Emperor's Mausoleum
"The terracotta warriors in the mausoleum are lined up the same way as real soldiers thousands of years ago in the Qin Dynasty (221BC-206BC) and so that archaeologists can research real military systems of the dynasty with these excavated warriors," Liu Zheng, a member of the China Cultural Relics Academy, told the Global Times.

New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
Credit: Emperor Qin Shi Emperor's Mausoleum


The third excavation for Pit One of the mausoleum has been underway for 10 years, according to Liu. This round of excavation covered some 400 square metres, the Beijing Youth reported, citing sources with the mausoleum.

New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
Credit: Emperor Qin Shi Emperor's Mausoleum
Senior military officers in the Qin Dynasty stood at the front with swords in their hands, Liu explained. Their hair accessories are different from subordinates, he said.

New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
Credit: Emperor Qin Shi Emperor's Mausoleum


Twelve horses and weapons were also found during this round of excavation. The colours were well preserved, Liu noted.

New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
Credit: Emperor Qin Shi Emperor's Mausoleum
"When these pottery figurines were first excavated, they were mostly coloured, with red belts and dark armour, but we lacked preservation skills and the colours faded," he said.

New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
New terracotta warriors uncovered at emperor’s mausoleum
Credit: Emperor Qin Shi Emperor's Mausoleum
"But this time improved technologies are enabling the newly found figurines to retain their vivid colours."


"Exhibition, excavation and conservation of the mausoleum are proceeding at the same time," Liu said.


New discoveries of suspected accompanying tombs have been made outside the mausoleum. Among the artefacts unearthed on Monday, a golden camel found in one of the tombs is believed to be the oldest in China.

Author: Ji Yuqiao | Source: Global Times [December 31, 2019]

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