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Burials of Africans slaves found at old rubbish dump in Portugal


In a bid to discover more about the slave trade, archaeologists are still working day in and out on several projects. Most recently, archaeologists discovered more than 150 skeletons of enslaved Africans at the site of an old rubbish dump in Portugal.

Burials of Africans slaves found at old rubbish dump in Portugal
Remains of an African slave found in Lagos, Portugal
[Credit: Dryas Arqueologia LDA]
The skeletons were found at the site of Valle da Gafaria, located outside the Medieval walls of the port city of Lagos along the southwest coast of Portugal. The archaeologists found several of them tied or in positions that suggest they were not buried in the conventional style.


According to the research conducted by the archaeologists, the rubbish dump was used as a burial site between the 15th and 17th century when slavery was very rampant in Portugal.

Burials of Africans slaves found at old rubbish dump in Portugal
Adult female from Valle da Gafaria whose positioning suggests she may have been tied up for burial
[Credit: M.T. Santos Ferreira via Forbes]
Confirmation of their ancestry was revealed through genetic analysis of the bones and dental formation that suggested the people were from southern Africa specifically of Bantu origin.


Aside from the bones found, remains of imported ceramics, butchered animal bones, and a few African style ornaments were also found.

Burials of Africans slaves found at old rubbish dump in Portugal
Santos Ferreira, with one of the human remains of Lagos
[Credit: Dryas Arqueologia LDA]
The latest discovery brings to mind that slavery was just as rampant in Europe at the time as it was in the Americas despite much spotlight given to the latter.


Research conducted by Maria Teresa Ferreira, Catarina Coelho, and Sofia Wasterlain of the University of Coimbra and published in the International Journal of Osteoarchaeology probed further into why the enslaved Africans were buried in a rubbish dump instead of a rather fitting cemetery.

Burials of Africans slaves found at old rubbish dump in Portugal
The excavation site [Credit: Dryas Arqueologia LDA]
The site is one of the few designated burial grounds for enslaved Africans and it’s the oldest sample to be discovered and studied in the world.

Author: Elisabeth Ofosuah Johnson | Source: Face2Face Africa [April 05, 2019]

TANN

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