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Native American fort, artifacts found at construction site

An archaeological investigation associated with the Connecticut Department of Transportation’s Walk Bridge Program in Norwalk recently uncovered a Contact Period Native American fort site, along with several thousand artifacts of varying age. The site is on top of a 3,000-year-old site, indicating Native American use of this area for many generations before the arrival of European traders and settlers.

Native American fort, artifacts found at construction site
Lamoka Point [Credit: Walk Bridge Program]
This discovery is a result of the Walk Bridge Program’s due diligence in conducting preliminary archaeological surveys during the Environmental Assessment/Environmental Impact Evaluation. These surveys revealed the possibility of historically significant sites within the program’s work area, and further investigation revealed remnants of the pre-Contact and Contact Period fort. “Contact Period” refers to the period when Europeans first began coming in contact with Native Americans, generally understood to be 1500 to 1700.

Native American fort, artifacts found at construction site
Orient Fishtail Point [Credit: Walk Bridge Program]

“This is a highly significant discovery that represents some of the only real information we have on Native Americans in present-day Norwalk,” said Dr. Ross K. Harper, Senior Historic Archaeologist, Archaeological and Historical Services, Inc., the Connecticut-based cultural resources firm completing the archaeological recovery effort. “Sites like this one are very rare. Fewer than a half-dozen have been discovered in Connecticut and Long Island Sound combined. Were it not for the Department of Transportation and the Walk Bridge Program, we may have lost this important opportunity to deepen our understanding of these people and their role in Connecticut history.”

Native American fort, artifacts found at construction site
Decorated Rim Sherd of Native American Pottery [Credit: Walk Bridge Program]

The fort is believed to have been used primarily for trade between Native Americans and early Dutch settlers somewhere between 1615 and 1640 and is eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. Artifacts uncovered from this time period include wampum, glass and copper beads, stone arrow points, European flint, and iron trade tools. Artifacts from the pre-Contact period include an Orient Fishtail point and a Lamoka point. No evidence of human remains or characteristics of a human burial has been found.

Native American fort, artifacts found at construction site
Quartz Point [Credit: Walk Bridge Program]

“This discovery is an exciting development in the Walk Bridge Program,” said Connecticut Commissioner of Transportation, James Redeker. “We are delighted to make this contribution to the existing body of knowledge surrounding the rich history of our state. As important as the preservation of these historical artifacts is to understanding our past, so is the preservation of our railroads to securing our future. Our railroad system is a vital transportation asset that contributes to the Connecticut shoreline and the City of Norwalk’s status as one of the most sought after places to live, work, and do business in the country.”

Native American fort, artifacts found at construction site
Blue Venetian Trade Bead [Credit: Walk Bridge Program]

Following consultation with the Federal Transit Administration, State Historic Preservation Office, and federally recognized Native American tribes, the Department of Transportation will complete the removal and the site. Artifacts will be conserved and analyzed to develop and present an understanding of what occurred at the site. Although the site will be physically removed, the excavation will preserve what is most important: the story it tells about Native American peoples here.

Native American fort, artifacts found at construction site
Site Feature [Credit: Walk Bridge Program]
This area is an active construction site, and the public is asked to refrain from trespassing for their own safety and for the preservation of the archaeological site.

Source: Walk Bridge Program [August 10, 2018]


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