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27 Lombard graves unearthed in northern Italy

Archaeological excavations at Belcreda di Gambolò, in the Province of Pavia (Lombardy), have revealed a total of 27 tombs of Lombards near the provincial road. The necropolis dates back to the time of the fall of the Lombards in Italy, in the sixth century AD.

27 Lombard graves unearthed in northern Italy
View of the excavations at Belcreda di Gambolò 
[Credit: La Provincia Pavese]
However, this is not the only novelty that has emerged from the excavations that began at the worksite of the Snam gas pipeline.

Along with the tombs of the Lombards some belonging to the Gepids also emerged, a population that was subjugated by the Lombards, whose last king Cunimondo was killed by Alboino in an attempt to get back his kidnapped daughter, the famous Rosmunda.

"Drink Rosmunda from your father's skull", said Alboino when he informed the princess of her father's death, according to a legend that has its roots in history, and which is enriched by the findings of this discovery.

These findings are further confirmation that the Gepids, after being defeated by the Lombards, assimilated with them. "It is a clan of warriors belonging to the Lombards who, during their descent into Italy, brought with them other clans of allied populations," explains the excavation director Nicola Cassone.

"According to the Benedictine monk, and historian of the Lombards, Paolo Diacono, claimed there were at least 20,000 Saxons in the army of King Alboin. In reality, there is only one tomb that can be attributed with certainty to a Lombard warrior, because it contained a scramasax or short sword which dates back to the first period of the Lombard descent into Italy. Axes and other types of weapons were found in the other tombs."

"The tomb that appears to be the burial of a prominent individual, given the presence of the sword, a cavalry weapon," Cassone adds.

"Every tomb," continues Cassone, "had its own vase, a glass and a flask. This is one of the few findings of a group containing more than 20 ceramics. The materials found confirm the dating to the end of the sixth century. In the meantime everything is being sent to the Superintendence in Milan so that the restoration work can begin."

Source: La Provincia Pavese [July 13, 2018]


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