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Hittite temple damaged in Syria by Turkish raids


Syria's antiquities department and a war monitor on Sunday said a 3,000-year-old temple has been damaged in Turkish air strikes on a Kurdish militia in the country's north.

Hittite temple damaged in Syria by Turkish raids
A picture taken on January 29, 2018 shows destruction at the ancient temple of Ain Dara, some seven kilometres from Afrin,
 after it was damaged in Turkish air strikes according to Syria's antiquities department and the Britain-based Syrian
Observatory for Human Rights. The iron age neo-Hittite temple of Ain Dara dates back to the Aramean era,
from around 1,300 to 700 BC, and is named after a village located in the Kurdish-held enclave of Afrin
[Credit: Delil Souleiman/AFP]
The iron age neo-Hittite temple of Ain Dara dates back to the Aramean era, from around 1,300 to 700 BC, and is named after a village located in the Kurdish-held enclave of Afrin.

Turkey launched operation "Olive Branch" on January 20 against the Syrian Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG) in Afrin, supporting Syrian opposition fighters with ground troops and air strikes.

The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights war monitor said the temple was struck by air strikes on Friday.

Hittite temple damaged in Syria by Turkish raids
A picture taken on January 29, 2018 shows destruction at the ancient temple of Ain Dara, some seven kilometres from Afrin,
 after it was damaged in Turkish air strikes according to Syria's antiquities department and the Britain-based Syrian
Observatory for Human Rights [Credit: Delil Souleiman/AFP/Getty Images]
"It has been destroyed up to 60 percent," said Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman.

Syria's antiquities department, a government agency, confirmed the attack on "one of the most important monuments built by the Arameans in Syria during the first millennium BC".

"This attack reflects the hatred and barbarism of the Turkish regime against the Syrian identity and against the past, present and future of the Syrian people," a statement on its website said.

Hittite temple damaged in Syria by Turkish raids
Hittite temple damaged in Syria by Turkish raids
Ain Dara before and after the airstrike. Damage to the site is indicated by red rectangle [Credit: DigitalGlobe NextView
License; November 9, 2017 & January 29, 2018/via ASOR]
Former antiquities chief Maamoun Abdulkarim said the temple was discovered in 1982 and is known for its "colossal basalt lions which are exceptional".

"Three thousand years of civilisation destroyed in an air strike," Abdulkarim told AFP, denouncing the attack.

Major historical sites or monuments have been destroyed in fighting and by jihadists during Syria's nearly seven-year war, including in the UNESCO-listed world heritage site of Palmyra.

Hittite temple damaged in Syria by Turkish raids
The area most heavily affected by the airstrike
[Credit: ASOR]
Islamic State group fighters blew up famed tower tombs in Palmyra and also destroyed the statue of the Lion of Athena and the main Temple of Bel.

Abdelkarim told AFP the destruction of the Ain Dara temple was at "the same level of atrocity" as IS blowing up the Temple of Bel.

He also voiced concern for a group of 40 ancient villages in the Afrin region, which UNESCO calls "Ancient Villages of Northern Syria" and includes on its world heritage list.

"The villages, which date from the 1st to 7th centuries (AD), feature a remarkably well preserved landscape and the architectural remains of dwellings, pagan temples, churches, cisterns, bathhouses," according to the UNESCO website.

Syria's conflict has killed more than 340,000 people and displaced millions since it began in March 2011.

Source: AFP [January 29, 2018]

TANN

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