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Carvings on stone pillars at Gȍbekli Tepe show comet hit Earth 13,000 years ago, says new study

Analysis of symbols carved onto stone pillars at Gȍbekli Tepe in southern Turkey – one of the world’s most important archaeological sites – suggests that a swarm of comet fragments hit Earth around 11,000BC. They ushered in a cold climate that lasted more than 1,000 years.

Carvings on stone pillars at Gȍbekli Tepe show comet hit Earth 13,000 years ago, says new study
The stone carvings used in the team's research, found on pillar 43 or 'the Vulture Stone' 
at Gobekli Tepe in Turkey [Credit: National Geographic/Getty Images]
Stellar signals

Engineers studied animal carvings made on a pillar – known as the vulture stone – at the site. By interpreting the animals as astronomical symbols, and using software to match their positions to patterns of stars, researchers dated the event to 10,950BC.

Carvings on stone pillars at Gȍbekli Tepe show comet hit Earth 13,000 years ago, says new study
Position of the sun and stars in the 10950BC summer solstice 
[Credit Martin Sweatman, Stellarium]
The dating from the carvings agrees well with timing derived from an ice core from Greenland, which pinpoints the event – probably resulting from the break-up of a giant comet in the inner solar system – to 10,890BC.

Significant signs

The carvings appear to have remained important to the people of Gobekli Tepe for millennia, suggesting that the event and cold climate that followed likely had a very serious impact.

Researchers from the University of Edinburgh suggest the images were intended as a record of the cataclysmic event, and that a further carving showing a headless man may indicate human disaster and extensive loss of life.
Space observatory

Carvings on stone pillars at Gȍbekli Tepe show comet hit Earth 13,000 years ago, says new study
Evidence from the carvings, made on a pillar known as the Vulture Stone, suggests that a swarm of 
comet fragments hit the Earth in around 11000 BC. The different symbols, said to tell the story, 
are labelled in the graphic above [Credit Daily Mail]
Furthermore, symbolism on the pillars indicates that the long-term changes in Earth’s rotational axis was recorded at this time using an early form of writing, and that Gȍbekli Tepe was an observatory for meteors and comets.

The find also supports a theory that Earth is likely to experience periods when comet strikes are more likely, owing to Earth’s orbit intersecting orbiting rings of comet fragments in space.

"It appears Göbekli Tepe was, among other things, an observatory for monitoring the night sky. One of its pillars seems to have served as a memorial to this devastating event – probably the worst day in history since the end of the ice age”, says lead researcher Martin Sweatman, from the University of Edinburgh’s School of Engineering.

The research is published in Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry.

Source: University of Edinburgh [April 22, 2017]

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  1. One of the carved images looked like a crab, still used in our constellation names.

  2. We as archaeological research project actually excavating Göbekli Tepe, however, would like to express a few critical points regarding this study:

  3. it should be quite clear that this area is a much older "stonehenge" and like many of the other sky observatories built by ancients around the world; and they said astronomy is only about 6k years old. the comet and cooling hypothesis still needs more evidence (I'm sure there is still a rosetta stone to be found) but we will certainly be studying this area for decades and it will change our view of history much like the pyramids of giza did

  4. I think this simply is a recording of the things that one can expect to find for food, where and when.

    My interpretation is that the "hand bags" are animals in the vallies. Hill + plain next to it + animal on the plain.

    In other words:
    "There are many things to eat on the plains [south], such as fish, four legged animals and insects."

    The texture on the right side of (2) is fields of wheat or similar, perhaps a non-domesticated variety. The (2) is a flamingo, and the thing next to it is a hatchling. The "hand weights" right of the hatchling are bunches of wheat.

    The interesting thing to note is that Flamingos only breed during years with plenty of rains, because they find nesting materials only when it rains. Therefore that line says: "You get plenty of wheat to eat, but only during years with plenty of rains."

    (3) could indeed be sagittarius, but I think the point is something along the lines of "when the sun rises at this point of sagittarious, birds start to breed." or something similar.


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