Archaeologists connect ancient Corinth's inner and outer harbours
Greek and Danish archaeologists investigating Lechaion’s harbour areas are finding that the town appears to have been much more important than previously thought.
|Archaeologists Konstantina Vafeiadou and Matej Školc remove a column drum from the harbour front area |
[Credit: V. Tsiairis/Greek Ministry of Culture]
In total, the area is greater than 500.000 m2 – bringing it on par with other major harbour towns of the age, such as Athens’ harbours in the Piraeus and Roman Portus.
"This season topographical and geophysical surveys have made it possible for us to successfully delineate the canal zone between the inner and outer harbours.
|Conservator Angeliki Zisi carefully cleans and conducts a condition assessment |
of the bulwark’s wooden posts [Credit: V. Tsiairis/Greek Ministry of Culture]
The precise reason why remains to be discovered," says co-director of the Lechaion Harbour Project Bjørn Lovén.
The team mapped the full extent of the mole flanking the eastern side of the entrance canal as far as 46 meters offshore in 1–3 meters of water. Working carefully and methodically for 35 days, divers defined the eastern side of the canal.
At the harbour entrance, and interconnected with this mole, they discovered strong stone foundations, perhaps for a tower that would protect the entrance.
Nearby were found two column drums. Their precise purpose remains unknown, but such drums found at other excavated Roman harbours supported porticoes on the harbour front. Future explorations promise more discoveries.
“The extremely rare wooden structures we’ve found in the early stages at Lechaion give us hope that we’ll find other organic materials, such as wooden tools, furniture, wooden parts of buildings and shipwrecks – the potential is immense and it is important to stress that we almost never find organic material on land in the central Mediterranean region”, says Bjørn Lovén.
About Corinth and Lechaion
Located on the isthmus connecting the Peloponnese and the rest of mainland Greece, Corinth and Lechaion served as a perennial nexus of land and sea routes. From an early date Lechaion’s wharves swelled with trading goods, helping Corinth to become fabulously wealthy.
Ancient authors comment that transhipping goods at Lechaion was far preferable to sailing around the bottom of the Peloponnese, a kind of mini Cape Horn. One of them, the first-century BC author Strabo, quoted a timeworn proverb: “If you see Cape Malea [at the southeast tip of the Peloponnese], forget your home”
|Greece, comparing the shortcut across the Corinthian Isthmus with the seaway |
south of the Peloponnese [Credit: ASCSA CC BY-SA 2015]
In addition, by the Late Roman period Lechaion, while still linked with Corinth, had developed her own identity as a town and religious centre. In the 6th century AD the town showcased one of the largest Christian churches of the time, the 180-m-long Leonidas Basilica.
Source: University of Copenhagen [December 20, 2016]