Thousands of artefacts discovered at lost medieval city in Poland
Bone combs, iron knives, ornate bourgeois and knight's belt fittings, coins - are some of the artefacts discovered during the first excavations at the medieval town Dzwonowo (Wielkopolska). Archaeologists discovered its location in 2014.
|Artefacts discovered during excavations [Credit: M. Krzepkowski]|
In the summer, archaeologists focused on excavations in two places - a cemetery, where the residents of Dzwonowo were buried from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century and the market square.
"The results of the excavations exceeded our wildest expectations," stated Marcin Krzepkowski, the archaeologist who led the research on behalf of the Regional Museum in Wągrowiec and the discoverer of the lost city.
|Archaeologists have also discovered a cemetery [Credit: M. Krzepkowski]|
"Unfortunately, the exact location of the church remains unknown," added Krzepkowski.
From the east the cemetery borders the earth embankments of the town, whose existence archaeologists also managed to confirm during this year's work.
|Excavations in the cemetery [Credit: M. Krzepkowski]|
During the excavations it turned out that the fourteenth-century building on one of the plots burned down with the underground part. The house was soon rebuilt with a slightly smaller cellar.
According to Krzepkowski it is possible that traces of a fire could be associated with the civil war in Wielkopolska in the 1380s.
|Burned cellar in Dzwonowo [Credit: M. Krzepkowski]|
"Discovered artefacts indicate the rich material culture of the townspeople," said the researcher.
This year's study was funded by the Regional Conservator in Poznań. In November, archaeologists will return to the area. They will conduct non-invasive studies in a project financed by the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage. They will also search for remains of the village predating the foundation of the city.
The discovered medieval town is situated in the dense Zielonka Forest north of Poznań, an area that is poorly recognized by archaeologists. Archaeologists usually discover settlements and cemeteries during surface surveys, which involve searching for fragments of pottery and other relics in crop fields after ploughing. Forests effectively impede such actions. Dzwonowo has been discovered only because its relics are in cultivated fields surrounded by forest. Marcin Krzepkowski noticed the outlines of the town during the analysis of the photos published in the Geoportal.
Source: PAP - Science and Scholarship in Poland [October 10, 2016]