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Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen's former ship raised to surface

After six years of work, a team of Norwegians has succeeded in pulling the Maud — a ship that once belonged to famed Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen  — from its icy grave in Nunavut waters near Cambridge Bay.

Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen's former ship raised to surface
Roald Amundsen's sunken Maud is visible above the water near Cambridge Bay 
[Credit: MaudReturnsHome]
"It's a beautiful ship and she's very strong," says Jan Wanggaard, the project manager for the recovery team. "We're very happy now that we can see the Maud is in an extremely good state."

The Maud was launched on June 7, 1917, and captained by Amundsen during his 1918-20 expedition into the Northeast Passage above Russia. It was sold in 1925, and sank in 1930 after getting trapped in the ice near Cambridge Bay.

Luckily, the Maud's egg-like shape helped maintain its structure even under heavy ice pressure, says Wanggaard. And despite being submerged in Arctic waters for more than 80 years, the ship has maintained much of its integrity.

Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen's former ship raised to surface
It’s a beautiful ship and she’s very strong,' says Jan Wanggaard, the project manager for
 the Norwegian recovery team [Credit: Jan Wanggaard]
Wanggaard and his team have been coming to the area to work on the wreck every summer for six years.

In June, the team began inflating air bags and balloons around the ship. Their experience with an unsuccessful lift last year helped them come better prepared with additional flotation devices.

Finally in July, the Maud floated for the first time since it sank. Throughout July and August, the team worked on placing the ship on top of a barge. And for most of September their work consisted of cleaning out the inside of the ship.

"She was quite covered with mud and other debris," says Wanggaard.

Preparing for a long winter

The Maud now rests on a barge near the coast. Over the winter it will freeze in place. "That is actually good for the Maud, because she needs to dry," says Wanggaard.

Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen's former ship raised to surface
The Maud’s egg-like shape helped preserve its structure under heavy ice pressure, 
says Wanggaard [Credit: Jan Wanggaard]

The drying process will reduce the weight and decrease the pressure on the Maud's structure from its own waterlogged girth. But drying a massive wooden ship with a thick hull soaked for 85 years can't be rushed.

The cold weather will help, says Wanggaard, because the low temperatures will put less strain on the wood.

Working on an icon

Since the Maud has emerged above water, locals have been dropping by to take a look at the historic ship and snap a few photos.

Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen's former ship raised to surface
After a month of cleaning the Maud starts to reveal its beautiful details 
[Credit: Jan Wanggaard]
"Everybody is surprised that it's so big and it's in such good condition," says Wanggaard.

He says that even after all these years of working on the ship, his team still spends some time every day talking about what actually happened on the Maud and her journey of scientific discovery.

"It's fascinating," says Wanggaard. He adds that the team is constantly finding small clues about what life might have been like on board the ship.

Bringing it all back home

Wanggaard says most people in Cambridge Bay have reconciled with the fact that the ship is travelling back to Norway.

Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen's former ship raised to surface
Stig Pettersen carries a heavy load of mud from the Maud while Terje Morved digs out the old engine 
[Credit: Jan Wanggaard]
"I think they feel a little bit like us now," says Wanggaard. "It's worth taking her back to protect her for the future, because sooner or later she would have been completely destroyed by nature."

The Maud's excellent shape gives Wanggaard and his team renewed hope that it can begin the journey back to Norway next summer when the team returns to Cambridge Bay.

Their task next year will be to stabilize the ship on the barge and make it seaworthy.

"We have a long trip home," says Wanggaard.

Author: Sima Sahar Zerehi | Source: CBC News [October 01, 2016]

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