'Rock Art: Power and symbolism in southern Africa' at the British Museum
Rock art in southern Africa connects us to over 30,000 years of human history. This display focuses on one central example of rock art and its importance for San|Bushmen.
|Rock art painting depicting three kudu and two human figures. Made by San|Bushmen,|
found in Zimbabwe [Credit: British Museum]
San|Bushmen communities were traditionally small and nomadic. They only stopped making rock art around 100 years ago due to radical social changes brought about by European settlement. Despite this, many cultural traditions associated with rock art continue today. The images they left behind reveal insight into their lives, survival and spiritual beliefs. The Museum has been actively documenting this type of art since 1875.
The rock art in this display came into the Museum’s collection in 1920. Originating in Zimbabwe, it features a group of antelope – probably kudu, which had symbolic meaning in San|Bushmen belief systems. It was painted with a red ochre pigment onto pink quartzite rock. The images’ fine detail suggests they were painted with a brush rather than a finger. Beneath the animals are two faded human figures, which may have been painted at a different time.
The display also features the results of recent analysis by British Museum scientists, which suggests that water erosion caused the fragment to fall and that it had been on the ground for a significant amount of time before it was collected. Through focusing on this particular example, the display provides a general introduction to San|Bushmen rock art in southern Africa– looking at its diversity, how it is made, and its continuing importance today.
Duration: September 15-November 16, 2016
Source: British Museum [September 05, 2016]