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Spanish scientists produce 3D scans of four mummies


Archaeologists and doctors in Spain are have used 3D-scanning technology to peer beneath the bandages of four ancient mummies.

Spanish scientists produce 3D scans of four mummies
The ancient mummified human remains were scanned using 3D technology in order to generate computer models which
 could be virtually manipulated and analysed, without fear of damaging them. Pictured is the Guanche mummy, 
from the Canary Islands [Credit: CEN/MAN Arqueologico Nac]
The specimens of three Egyptians and one Guanche ­– the aboriginal people who lived in the Canary Islands – were taken from the National Archaeological Museum, in Madrid.

By using the scanning technology, the experts hope to be able to find out more about how the individuals lived, what killed them and the funeral rituals they underwent when they were buried.

The mummies were carefully transported to the University Hospital Quironsalud Madrid (HUQSM), the only facility with the latest scanning technology.

Spanish scientists produce 3D scans of four mummies
Archaeologists hope the scans will provide new insight into the lives, deaths and burial rites of the mummies. 
Pictured here are scans of the Guanche mummy, one of a cave-dwelling culture of the Canary Islands 
[Credit: CEN/MAN Arqueologico Nac]
As part of the process the mummies were scanned, ready for studied by a team of doctors including Vicente Martinez de Vega, Javier Carrascoso and Silvia Badillo Rodriguez-Portugal, with help from Egyptologist Carmen Perez Die, Teresa Gomez Espinosa and Esther Pons.

The team were accompanied during the mummies' outing by a TV crew from national channel RTVE, who will air a documentary about them next year.

The scanner, which has low levels of radiation but a very high resolution, allows the X-rays to penetrate their subject and in just one take extract an enormous amount of information and contrasts.

Spanish scientists produce 3D scans of four mummies
A 3D reconstruction of the Guanche mummy 
[Credit: CEN/MAN Arqueologico Nac]
More than 2,000 cross-sectional images are obtained, which are then used to construct a volumetric and three-dimensional representation which can be studied by the team.

Egyptologist Carmen Perez Die said: 'I have spent all my life with these mummies, they are very important pieces and I am looking forward to beginning this new way of studying them with which we will learn many new things about them that until now we could not access.'

The most recent images that the team have of the mummies are from radiographies taken in 1976.

Spanish scientists produce 3D scans of four mummies
3D scans of the mummy of Nespamedu, an Egyptian priest of Imhotep 
[Credit: CEN/MAN Arqueologico Nac]
The excited team now have their work cut out to meticulously process all the new information supplied by technological advances that will allow them to discover more about the lives and deaths of the mummies and their civilisations.

Archaeological teams around the world are increasingly turning to technology to breath new life into long-dead bodies of the past.

In the last few years researchers in the UK, Germany and the US have all used CT (computerised tomography) scans to observe ancient mummies in even greater detail.

The approach has also been used to bring museum artefacts to life, enabling virtual visitors to look at the pieces in unprecedented detail without even being in the same room as the object.

Author: Ryan O'Hare | Source: Daily Mail [June 08, 2016]
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1 comment :

  1. Guanchee are the Ancient Bulgarian tribes who first inhabited North Afrika and Canarian islands after the Biblical flood in Black Sea in 5504 BC. Ganchee is a Bulgarian naming meaning The People of Gan, of Earth Fire. The proper name Gana, Gano still exists in Bulgaria and is named after the Earth Fire. Ganchee people are famous for their so called whistling language used by the Bulgarian mountain people as well. This peculiar whistling language was a means for communication at distant mounts. The name of Canarians is also a Bulgarian word - Canara means Rock, Rocky mount in Bulgarian language. Canarian islands are famous with their rocky mounts.

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