More information on the Roman fort Tibiscum in Romania
Without conducting excavations, Polish archaeologists in collaboration with the Romanian and Hungarian researchers discovered hitherto unknown buildings and ancient roads near the Roman fort Tibiscum in western Romania.
|Tibiscum - bird's-eye view of the fort from the from the east in the morning |
[Credit: M. Pisz]
"We have located previously unknown structures in the immediate vicinity of the fort - behind its northern walls, and spotted part of a road from the western gate, towards Lederata" - told PAP project initiator Michał Pisz, graduate student at IA UW, who carries out the Tibiscum project under the Diamond Grant obtained from the Ministry of Science.
Ancient structures have been detected using magnetic, electrical resistivity and GPR method. During the previous season, also successfully, other appliances were used, such as a drone that allowed to capture infrared images.
|The results of electrical resistivity imaging imposed last year measurements of magnetic and drone orthophotomap. |
Clearly visible anomalies originate from the structures resting no deeper than 0.75 cm below the surface
[Credit: M. Pisz]
Tibiscum was founded in the beginning of the second century by order of Emperor Trajan. It was one of the most important cities in the Roman province Dacia. Its name comes from the Thracian or Dacian and meant a bog, probably due to its location on the river Timis. The fort was active in the second and third centuries.
Until recent years, researchers did not carry out research around Roman forts - they focused on their interior. The new approach is associated with an increasingly popular trend in archaeology -landscape archaeology and studying historical monuments in a broader geographical context.
|Measurements with cesium magnetometer [Credit: M. Pisz]|
The project "Tibiscum (Romania) and its rural territory in the Roman period" is funded by the Ministry of Science from the budget for science in 2014-2016. The project received technical support from the company Mexstal. Last season work took place in March and April 2016.
Source: PAP - Science and Scholarship in Poland [June 09, 2016]