German archaeologist accuses Syrian regime troops of looting Palmyra
A leading German cultural heritage expert on Wednesday charged that Syrian regime troops are looting the ancient city of Palmyra like the Islamic State jihadists who controlled it until March.
|A member of the Syrian army patroling the ancient Syrian city of Palmyra on May 6, 2016 |
[Credit: AFP/Louai Beshara]
Speaking to media, Parzinger said that Syrian troops, when they are off-duty, "are conducting illegal excavations" and "have looted" at the UNESCO World Heritage site.
Syrian troops backed by Russian air strikes and special forces recaptured Palmyra from the Islamic State (IS) group in March, delivering a major propaganda coup for both Damascus and Moscow.
IS jihadists had staged mass executions in the Roman amphitheatre, blown up ancient temples and looted relics in the one-time trade hub in central Syria, a major tourist site before the war.
|Ancient ruins damaged by ISIS militants [Credit: Xinhua/Barcroft Media]|
He said retaking Palmyra was "an important victory for culture," writing earlier in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung daily.
"But this victory has not made Assad and his backers the saviours of cultural heritage," he added.
"Assad's soldiers too plundered the ruins of Palmyra before the IS takeover, and their rockets and grenades indiscriminately pounded the antique columns and walls when this promised even the slightest military advantage."
|A Syrian government army officer guards the Temple of Bel. Palmyra’s most important site |
was decimated by ISIS last October [Credit: Valery Sharifulin/Tass]
UNESCO chief Irina Bokova, writing in the Tagesspiegel daily, wrote that "two-thirds of the old town of Aleppo have been bombed and burned" and at other sites, gangs have looted on an "industrial scale".
"Archaeological sites are in the crossfire ... and being misused as military bases," she wrote, while "Palmyra, which had long been insufficiently protected, has experienced indescribable horror and destruction" under IS control.
Source: AFP [June 01, 2016]