Archaeology / Cultural Heritage

[Archaeology] [twocolumns]

Anthropology / Human Evolution

[Anthropology] [twocolumns]

Palaeontology / Earth Sciences

[Palaeontology] [twocolumns]

Evolution / Genetics

[Evolution][twocolumns]

Remains of 1,200 year old palace unearthed on Kuwait's Failaka Island


Archaeologists have discovered a system of 7th-9th century interior cooling during excavation works at the large settlement of Al-Qusur dating from the 7th - 9th century AD., on Kuwait's Failaka Island in the Persian Gulf.

Remains of 1,200-year-old palace unearthed on Kuwait's Failaka Island
Bottom of the windcatch tower, Failaka, Kuwait, 7th-8th centuries [Credit: Archaeological Institute 
of the Slovak Academy of Sciences]
Eleven Slovak experts - archaeologists, technicians and restorers - joined Kuwaiti partners in this yearʼs campaign, which lasted seven weeks. Their goal was to uncover and, using modern 3D-display technology, document the largest residential structure in the settlement, together with more than 140 dwellings.

The settlement at Al-Qusur belonged to the surviving Nestorian Christian community during the early Islamic period.

Remains of 1,200-year-old palace unearthed on Kuwait's Failaka Island
Nestorian palatial complex excavated on Failaka, 7th-8th centuries [Credit: Archaeological Institute 
of the Slovak Academy of Sciences]
A noteworthy discovery from this yearʼs archaeological activities were new, well-preserved spaces of a palace from the 7th - 8th century AD., built from clay bricks on foundations of masonry.

During the research, archaeologists managed to identify several valuable technical details, as well as to make out the long-term development of the housing and many partial structural renovations.

Remains of 1,200-year-old palace unearthed on Kuwait's Failaka Island
Room for processing grain in Nestorian palace, millstones left [Credit: Archaeological Institute 
of the Slovak Academy of Sciences]
Perhaps the most interesting finding was the bottom part of a stone tower with a complex system of canals inside.

"According to the first analyses, we can talk of a unique architectural innovation, a so-called 'windcatcher tower', said SAV Archaeological Institute director Matej Ruttkay. "This was a clever way of cooling interiors by means of air flow, which was captured by openings in the tower's superstructure. It shows that the community there was on a high technical level."

Remains of 1,200-year-old palace unearthed on Kuwait's Failaka Island
Pottery recovered from complex [Credit: Archaeological Institute 
of the Slovak Academy of Sciences]
"This energy-free ventilation system was in the past widespread, especially in the region of Iran and the Middle East, later also in North Africa. Contemporary architecture has come back to this principle repeatedly in an experimental way. It seems that our find is among the very oldest evidence of this ancient air conditioning", added Ruttkay.

Artefacts found in the palace include ceramic and glass vessels, stucco and tile stamps with Christian symbols and Byzantine coins. The latter helped narrow down the date of the find.

Source: Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAV) [May 03, 2016]
TANN

Post A Comment
  • Blogger Comment using Blogger
  • Facebook Comment using Facebook
  • Disqus Comment using Disqus

No comments :


Exhibitions / Travel

[Exhibitions] [bsummary]

Natural Heritage / Environment / Wildlife

[Natural Heritage] [list]

Astronomy / Astrobiology / Space Exploration

[Universe] [list]