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3D images created using cosmic particles show internal chambers of Bent Pyramid


The pyramids of Egypt have held their secrets for more than 4,500 years. Now, Egyptian and foreign experts have begun unraveling their mysteries with the help of space particles. The team are using 'cosmic rays' to create maps that show the internal structures of these ancient wonders - and they say they could hold some surprises.

3D images created using cosmic particles show internal chambers of Bent Pyramid
A 3-D cutaway shows the interior of the Bent Pyramid [Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, 
HIP Institute and the Faculty of Engineering (Cairo University)]
Last week, archaeologists revealed the first results of their work involving the Bent pyramid, 25 miles south of Cairo. The 3D images show the internal chambers of the 4,600-year-old structure, as well as clearly revealing the shape of its second chamber.

Located at the royal necropolis of Dahshur, the Bent pyramid was one of the earliest to be built under the Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu.

Mehdi Tayoubi, president of the Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute, said that plates installed inside the pyramid collected data on radiographic particles known as 'muons'.

3D images created using cosmic particles show internal chambers of Bent Pyramid
Located at the royal necropolis of Dahshur, about 25 miles south of Cairo, the Bent Pyramid, so named because
 of its sloping upper half, was built under the Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu (about 2600 BC). It's the first with
 smooth faces after generations of stepped pyramids [Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, 
HIP Institute and the Faculty of Engineering (Cairo University)]
Muons rain down from the Earth's atmosphere. The particles pass through empty spaces but can be absorbed or deflected by harder surfaces.

By studying particle accumulations, scientists may learn more about the construction of the pyramid It has two entrances, which opens onto two corridors leading to two burial chambers arranged one above the other.

Some had suggested pharaoh Sneferu was buried inside the pyramid in an hidden chamber, but the latest scans have ruled out that possibility.

3D images created using cosmic particles show internal chambers of Bent Pyramid
Specialist Kunihiro Morishima, from the Institute for Advanced Research of Nagoya University, Japan, installed 
40 muon detector plates inside the lower chamber of the Bent pyramid [Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, 
HIP Institute and the Faculty of Engineering (Cairo University)]
'From these plates, more than 10 millions of muon tracks were analysed,' Tayoubi, who is also co-director of the ScanPyramids mission told Discovery. 'We count the muons and according to their angular distribution we are able to reconstruct an image,' Tayoubi said.

'For the first time ever, the internal structure of a pyramid was revealed with muon particles. The images obtained clearly show the second chamber of the pyramid located roughly 60 feet above the lower one in which emulsions plates were installed,' he added.

'For the construction of the pyramids, there is no single theory that is 100 per cent proven or checked' They are all theories and hypotheses,' said Hany Helal, the institute's vice president.

3D images created using cosmic particles show internal chambers of Bent Pyramid
The plate detectors allow researchers to discern void areas -- places where muons cross without problem -- from 
denser areas where some muons are absorbed or deflected [Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, 
HIP Institute and the Faculty of Engineering (Cairo University)]
'What we are trying to do with the new technology, we would like to either confirm or change or upgrade or modify the hypotheses that we have on how the pyramids were constructed,' he said.

The Bent Pyramid in Dahshur, just outside Cairo, is distinguished by the bent slope of its sides. It is believed to have been ancient Egypt's first attempt to build a smooth-sided pyramid.

The Scan Pyramids project, which announced in November thermal anomalies in the 4,500 year-old Khufu Pyramid in Giza, is coupling thermal technology with muons analysis to try to unlock secrets to the construction of several other ancient Egyptian pyramids.

3D images created using cosmic particles show internal chambers of Bent Pyramid
“For the first time ever, the internal structure of a pyramid was revealed with muon particles," said Mehdi 
Tayoubi, co-director of the ScanPyramids mission [Credit: Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, 
HIP Institute and the Faculty of Engineering (Cairo University)]
Tayoubi said the group plans to start preparations for muons testing in a month in Khufu, the largest of the three Giza pyramids, which is known internationally as Cheops.

'Even if we find one square meter void somewhere, it will bring new questions and hypotheses and maybe it will help solve the definitive questions,' said Tayoubi.

The team will also be using infrared 3D scans and lasers to study the two pyramids in Giza and the two in Dashur. The same technology, they say, could also help find a possible hidden tomb in Tutankhamun's burial chamber that may be belong to Queen Nefertiti.

video

Many previous missions have attempted to unravel the mysteries of the pyramids, but scientists have yet to come up with a concrete theory explaining how the structures were built.

Khufu's pyramid, also known as the Great pyramid of Giza – the tallest of all the pyramids – was built by the son of Snefru, founder of the fourth dynasty (2,575-2,465 BC), and the Khafre's pyramid or Chephren was built by the son of Khufu.

The two pyramids at Dahshur were built by Snefru.

'The idea is to find the solution to the mystery of the pyramids,' said Tayoubi. 'A similar attempt was made 30 years ago, but this is the first project at a global level using cutting-edge technology to look inside the pyramids,' he said.

Project 'Scan Pyramids' is expected to last until the end of this year.

Author: Ellie Zolfagharifard | Source: Daily Mail [May 09, 2016]
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