New hadrosauroid dinosaur found from the late Cretaceous of Shanxi, China
|Photos of right dentary of Datonglong tianzhenensis. A, lateral view; B, medial view; |
C, dorsal view; D, caudal view; E, close-up of partial dentition in B
[Credit: XU Shichao]
"Based on our anatomical observation and taxonomic comparison, the new specimen is distinct from all previous known hadrosauroid dinosaurs, represents a new taxon, Datonglong tianzhenensis, and belongs to an advanced non-hadrosaurid hadrosauroid", said Dr. YOU Hailu, Corresponding author of the study at the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP), Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Datonglong possesses two functional teeth in each alveolus, and the pattern of ridge development on the lingual surface of its dentary crown shows a unique combination of character states, for example, distally offset primary ridge, well-developed secondary ridge, no additional ridges, and slightly distally curved apical half of primary ridge.
Comparative studies indicate advanced non-hadrosaurid hadrosauroids experienced a complex pattern in the evolution of their dentary, especially dentary dentition. Derived hadrosaurid features occurred frequently in these taxa, such as high height/width ratio of tooth crown in Bactrosaurus, one primary and one faint ridges in Gilmoreosaurus, median placed primary ridge in Zhanghenglong, rostrally inclined coronoid process in Nanningosaurus, and two functional teeth in each alveolus in Datonglong.
"Our study implies incredible diversities and attempts close to the origin of Hadrosauridae, thus it needs more findings to elucidate their phylogenetic relationships", said YOU.
Source: Chinese Academy of Sciences [April 01, 2016]