162 monuments identified in Achaemenid Royal Road
In his report to the 14th annual gathering of Iran’s Archaeology, head of the exploration team of identifying, discovering, and documenting the archaeological remains of Susa Achaemenid Royal Road, Esmaeel Yaghmaee said the area identified or studied in this program included historical and Islamic eras.
The identified monuments consist of 18 bridges, 5 towns, 14 forts, fortresses and watchtowers, 49 hill sites, 4 caravanserais, archaeological remains of 5 stone-paved roads and numerous catacombs, ossuaries, graves and graveyards, he pointed out.
The primary purpose of the first chapter of the archaeological plan is to locate and identify abode structures, caravanserais and rest areas of the Sassanid era, and to assess ancient and historical road networks.
The Achaemenid road network and news dissemination system is one of the most interesting and most amazing administrative aspects of the Achaemenid dynasty in old Persia.
Administering the vast Achaemenid Empire spreading over a gigantic area from the Indus Valley in the East to the West coast of the Aegean Sea, the Syrdarya (river) in the north to Aswan in the south required an advanced communication system in which the most important administrative, political, military and business centres needed to be linked together by the shortest possible route.
The Achaemenid communication network, one of the first in the world, was based on the efficient management of human resources, geographical knowledge, constructed roads and trained manpower and horses.
The existence of a large-scale Achaemenid communication network of Sardis –Susa is mentioned in classical Greek texts.
Source: IRNA [March 18, 2016]