Hiker finds 3,500-year-old Egyptian seal in Israel
|Egyptian scarab discovered in the Horns of Hattin National Park |
[Credit: Clara Amit/Israel Antiquities Authority]
"Scarabs", says Dr. Ben-Tor, "were carved in the shape of a dung beetle - a creature of cosmological significance in ancient Egypt. Numerous scarabs have been found in archaeological excavations in Israel, and together with other artifacts of Egyptian origin, they are a testimony to the cultural, economic and political influence of Egypt in Canaan in the Late Bronze Age."
The Horns of Hattin is an extinct volcano with two peaks that resemble horns, hence the name. The site is located on the Gospel Trail, a modular walking trail from Nazareth to Capernaum that follows the trail Jesus may have walked. The site is famous because of the Battle of Hattin, which was waged there in 1187 between Saladin, ruler of the Ayyubid dynasty of Damascus, and the armies of the Christian Franks whom he defeated and thus brought to an end the first Crusader kingdom. Many years prior to this, in the Late Bronze Age, a citadel stood on the mountain that was probably destroyed in the thirteenth century CE.
According to archaeologist Yardena Alexandre of the Israel Antiquities Authority, "Even though the scarab was found on the surface rather than in an archaeological excavation, it seems to be associated with the period when the citadel existed."
Source: Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs [February 04, 2016]