9,200-year-old settlement discovered in Sweden
|Excavation team in Blekinge, Sweden |
[Credit: Lund University]
The discovery is also an indication that Nordic societies were far more developed 9,200 years ago than what was previously believed. The findings are important as it is usually argued that people in the north lived relatively mobile lives, while people in the Levant -- a large area in the Middle East -- became settled and began to farm and raise cattle much earlier.
|Fishbones from the excavation in Sölvesborg, Blekinge |
[Credit: Blekinge Museum]
"The discovery is unique as a find like this has never been made before. That is partly because fish bones are so fragile and disappear more easily than, for example, bones of land animals. In this case, the conditions were quite favourable, which helped preserve the remains," says Adam Boethius.
The fermentation process is also quite complex in itself. Because people did not have access to salt or the ability to make ceramic containers, they acidified the fish using, for example, pine bark and seal fat, and then wrapped the entire content in seal and wild boar skins and buried it in a pit covered with muddy soil. This type of fermentation requires a cold climate.
Source: Lund University [February 08, 2016]