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Tudor church graffiti records names of plague victims

"Heartbreaking" graffiti uncovered in a Cambridgeshire church has revealed how three sisters from one family died in a plague outbreak in 1515.

Tudor church graffiti records names of plague victims
Tudor church graffiti records names of plague victims
The medieval graffiti, showing the names of Cateryn, Jane and Amee Maddyngley, was 
discovered on a wall of All Saint's and St Andrew's Church in Kingston, near Cambridge, 
by amateur archaeologists [Credit: Norfolk and Suffolk Medieval Graffiti Society]
The names Cateryn, Jane and Amee Maddyngley and the date were inscribed on stonework in Kingston parish church.

It was found by Norfolk and Suffolk Medieval Graffiti Survey volunteers.

Archaeologist Matt Champion said the project had shown church plague graffiti was "far more common than previously realised".

"The most heartbreaking inscriptions are those that refer to long-dead children," he said.

The Maddyngley graffiti is hidden under limewash near the door in All Saints' and St Andrew's church.

The family lived in Kingston, seven miles from Cambridge, and were tenant farmers who "rarely turn up in parish records", he said.

Tudor church graffiti records names of plague victims
Records reveal the Maddyngleys had lived in Kingston 
since at least 1279 [Credit: Google]
Mr Champion believes Cateryn, Jane and Amee must have been children because their names are not found as adults in any of the records.

In 1515, there was an outbreak of bubonic plague in London which spread across south east England.

Mr Champion said Cambridge University suspended its classes and large gatherings of people were banned, "just as we see today with the Ebola outbreaks in Africa".

Children were particularly hard-hit and usually hastily buried in unmarked graves.

The graffiti survey was set up in 2010 and is the first attempt to survey pre-Reformation graffiti in churches since the late 1960s.

Volunteers use digital cameras and powerful lamps to reveal previously hidden or faded markings.

At least 60% of the 650 churches surveyed in Norfolk, Suffolk and north Essex have "significant amounts" of graffiti and volunteers have recorded up to 500 pieces in many of them.

The project has confirmed more graffiti is found to have been created during times of pestilence such as the Black Death of 1349 and subsequent outbreaks of plagues.

"It was a votive offering at a time where prayer counted," Mr Champion said.

Source: BBC News Website [February 21, 2015]

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