Archaeology / Cultural Heritage / History

[Archaeology] [twocolumns]

Anthropology / Human Evolution / Linguistics

[Anthropology] [twocolumns]

Palaeontology / Palaeoclimate / Earth Sciences

[Palaeontology] [twocolumns]

Evolution / Genetics / Biology

[Evolution][twocolumns]

Ischyromyid rodents from the Eocene found in Inner Mongolia

The ischyromyids are the most primitive rodents that have a Holarctic Paleogene distribution. Members of the family are predominant in Paleogene rodents of North America, but are relatively rare in both Asia and Europe. In a study published in the latest issue of Vertebrata PalAsiatica 51(4), Drs. LI Qian and MENG Jin, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology (IVPP), Chinese Academy of Sciences, reported some new material of the Eocene ischyromyids from the Huheboerhe area in the Erlian Basin, Nei Mongol, China. These include Asiomys dawsoni from the basal strata of the Irdin Manha Formation and Ischyromyidae gen. et sp. indet. from the basal strata of the Arshanto Formation. The new materials include fragmentary mandibles and numerous cheek teeth, which provide new evidence for mammal’s dispersal between Asia and North America during the Middle Eocene.

Ischyromyid rodents from the Eocene found in Inner Mongolia
Mandible of Asiomys dawsoni. A−C, left mandibular fragment with m2; D−E,
left mandibular with p4-m3 [Credit: LI Qian]
Asiomys is similar to species of both paramyines and reithroparamyines in size. The mandible of Asiomys is similar to that of Paramys delicatus in the many features. Dental characters of Asiomys are similar to those of paramyines, but quite different from those of reithroparamyines. Researchers tentatively assigned Asiomys to Paramyinae based on the fragmentary mandible and the cheek teeth.

Ischyromyid rodents from the Eocene found in Inner Mongolia
Occlusal view of the cheek teeth of Asiomys
dawsoni [Credit: LI Qian]
The teeth of Asiomys appear consistent with some evolutionary trends observed in Middle Eocene North America ischyromyids. However, Asiomys differs from other Middle Eocene Asian ischyromyids, such as Anatoparamys, Eosischyromys and Hulgana, in having a small hypocone and two metaconules on upper molars, a complete hypolophid on dp4 and a short hypolophid and a small hypocounulid on lower molars.

Ischyromyid rodents from the Eocene found in Inner Mongolia
Occlusal view of the upper cheek teeth of Ischyromyidae
gen. et sp. indet [Credit: LI Qian]
"Because Asiomys is more similar to the North American ischyromyids than to the Asian ones, it provides a new evidence for faunal exchanges between Asia and North America during the Middle Eocene", said first author Dr. LI Qian of the IVPP.

This study was mainly supported by the National Basic Research Program of China and the National Natural Science Foundation of China, and the Fossil Excavation and Preparation Fund of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Source: Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences [December 24, 2013]
TANN

Post A Comment
  • Blogger Comment using Blogger
  • Facebook Comment using Facebook
  • Disqus Comment using Disqus

No comments :


Exhibitions / Travel

[Exhibitions] [bsummary]

Natural Heritage / Environment / Wildlife

[Natural Heritage] [list]

Astronomy / Astrobiology / Space Exploration

[Universe] [list]