Archaeologists find the lost port of ancient Rome
|The lighthouse, two ships and a dolphin [Credit: B. Storage - L. Maish]|
The port lies northwest of Ostia, which was established by Rome as a fortress gateway to enable trade to pass upriver towards the city and prevent pirates and marauders.
|Aerial view of Ostia and the position of its ancient harbor basin clogged. To the left of the picture, the Tiber flows along the Imperial Palace [Credit: S. Keay]|
Rome emerged as the prime power of the Mediterranean thanks in part to trade. It imported huge amounts of wheat, especially from Egypt.
In the first century AD, the grain port at Ostia was superseded by a giant installation covering 200 hectares (500 acres) at Portus.
Source: AFP [December 08, 2012]